Komunikasi Pencegahan Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus Masyarakat Peduli Api Desa Sepahat Kecamatan Bukit Bau Kabupaen Bengkalis)

Authors

  • Nurdin Ilmu Komunikasi FDK UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Muhammad Badri Ilmu Komunikasi FDK UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau
  • Dewi Sukartik Ilmu Komunikasi FDK UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

Keywords:

Land and forest ire, Masyarakat Peduli Api

Abstract

This research wants to explain how is the communication process in forest ire prevention and community-based land in the village Sepahat, Bukit Batu subdistrict, Bengkalis District, Riau Province. This study aims to: (1) Determine the individual characteristics and behavior communication of the Community Fire Care (Masyarakat Peduli Api/MPA) in the village of Sepahat, Bukit Batu, Bengkalis; (2) Determine the communication activities to prevent forest ires and land in the village Sepahat, Bukit Batu, Bengkalis. Research method is quantitative survey with a sample of 32 people chosen by census. This study inds that largely MPA members are 25-44 years old (69%), the majority are men (84.4%) and their occupations are farmers (78.1%). MPA members often socialize ire hazards directly (87.5%), outdoor media (74.9%) pamphlet (65.7%) and a direct meeting with citizens (68.8%). Then ire prevention counseling is through direct communication (87.5%), outdoor media (71.9%), pamphlets (65.7%) and a direct meeting with citizens (59.4%). They take action to ire prevention through early burnout (87.4%), involving the community (68.8%), involving land owners (50%) and involving parties outside the village (46.9%). Researchers conclude that communication patterns and behavior of members of the MPA are conducted properly in order to improve prevention of land and forest ire. This means that the more optimal behavior of communications made by members of the MPA will also be more optimal the communication prevention of land and forest ire committed by members of the MPA. Researchers suggested that government and stakeholders should be involved in developing an organizational unit such as MPA to optimize ire ighting and keep the country from smoke disaster.

Published

2016-06-15

Issue

Section

Artikel